Making a garden requires knowing certain techniques and having the time and materials necessary for each task. You must bear in mind that plants are living beings, just like your pets, so like them you must take care of them if you want them to grow healthy and strong.
Just as you don’t feed your cat the same as your turtle (if you have one;)), each plant has different needs than the other. If you apply the same care equally throughout your garden, you will surely end up with plants that do not develop correctly.
Poor care not only leads to poor growth, it can also make your plants more susceptible to attack by pests and diseases. Hence the importance of knowing the specific care of each of the plants in your garden.
1. Caring for garden (7 Best tips)
Within our website we will try to cover the particular care of each of the garden plants, a difficult task since there are thousands of plants, but hey, it is something that we will be doing little by little. Anyway, and as a starting point, we can quickly mention the 7 cares that any garden plant needs.
- Irrigation: like us, plants also need water, it is their staple food. There is no plant in the world that does not require some water for its growth. You will find some more resistant to drought than others, but living without water none can.
- Soil: as we mentioned earlier, knowing how to select the right soil for each plant in your garden is of great importance. Then you also have to take care of it so that it continues to meet the needs of our plants.
- Space: when designing the garden you must bear in mind that each plant needs a certain space to develop. Do not place an excessive amount of plants, or they will not have enough space to grow healthy.
- Pests and diseases: depending on where you live and the plants you have in your garden, they will suffer more or less attacks from pests and diseases. It is always a headache to control them, so you must be vigilant and act on time.
- Fertilizer: many times the nutrients available in the soil are not enough to feed our plants. In those cases it is good to apply fertilizers, but you should do it in a moderate way. This given that an excess in the application of fertilizers can cause serious problems in your garden.
- Pruning: depending on which plant is being treated, pruning can be more or less important. It is not a task that a novice in gardening should do, before picking up your pruning shears you must be properly informed.
- Weed control: a garden full of weeds does not look good, so it is essential to control them. It not only helps aesthetics, but also the health of your garden.
2. How to care indoor and outdoor plants garden?
Trying to delve a little deeper into the care of garden plants we can divide them between those that we grow outdoors and we have them indoors. Although both types of plants must be watered, pruned, fertilized, etc., you will see that there are some aspects that change.
2.1 Caring for outdoor plants
To start with any outdoor plant it is essential to select the correct place to plant it. If you plant it in a pot this may not be that important because you can get it out of place. But if it is placed on the ground, it is essential to place it in a place where it receives the right amount of sun per day according to its needs.
Another important aspect, which we often neglect in outdoor plants, is the control of their health. With some regularity you should take the time to observe each plant to detect possible signs of deterioration caused by a plague or disease. The leaves and stems are often the first to show symptoms of discomfort in these situations.
To stop some diseases and / or pests, something that is usually very useful is a cleaning pruning. The best solution many times is to cut those branches in bad condition. In these cases you should always take precautions when getting rid of pruning debris, do not leave them in your garden or you will spread the disease even more. But pruning is not only useful to heal our plants, in most plants it will also help renew their foliage and allow them to grow stronger and healthier.
As you may have imagined, irrigation is very important. Unlike indoor plants, there is one important factor when it comes to watering outdoor plants: rain. Depending on the rainfall regime, you may not even need to water. As I always point out, when designing your garden, try to place the plants according to their water needs. This will make your job much easier.
Lastly, keep in mind that many of your outdoor plants benefit from being transplanted on a regular basis. This, like pruning, allows them to start the new season with greater force, it is also an excellent time to fertilize, something that depends on the characteristics of the soil in your garden can become essential.
2.2 Caring for indoor plants
Something you should know when having indoor plants is that your house is conditioned according to your needs, which will not necessarily be those of your plants. Some comforting things may not be good for your seedlings.
A very common example is the use of air conditioning. Surely in summer, on those days of unbearable heat, when you get home the first thing you do is turn on the air conditioning to cool the room. That’s what you feel like you need because you’re overheated, but that abrupt change for any houseplant may not really appeal to you. The same goes for heating on winter days.
In general, indoor plants are characterized by not needing so much sunlight, but with some exceptions (philodendron, lucky bamboo, bromeliads, ferns) it is better to place them near a window, balcony, gallery, etc. This so that they have the minimum amount of sun that allows them to photosynthesize. If you start to see the stems lengthen abnormally (looking for sunlight) and the leaves turn slightly yellowish, your plant is missing hours of sunlight.
Being protected inside the house, the doses of water will depend exclusively on us. With this I do not mean that you should be watering every day, far from it. You must know the water needs of each plant and give it what is just and necessary. It is very common in indoor plants exedernos in irrigation, something that can end up killing any plant.
As with all potted plants, transplantation is almost inevitable. The growth of the plant will make you notice this detail, so it is best to find a larger container. On the other hand, this is again a good time to fertilize and change the soil. And in many types of indoor plants it can also be convenient to do a root pruning.
So far we come with the general caring for garden. To delve into the subject, it will be necessary to specifically look for the care of each plant.